Virginia became the third state to ban no-knock warrants after Democratic Gov. Ralph Northam on Wednesday signed several sweeping new laws to reform policing after the deaths of George Floyd and Breonna Taylor led to a national reckoning on racial bias.
Northam signed Senate Bill 5030, sponsored by state Sen. Mamie Locke, which incorporates a number of police reform measures passed by the state House of Delegates. Besides banning no-knock warrants, it creates a statewide minimum training for law enforcement officers on racism, biased profiling and de-escalation techniques.
The law also seeks to reduce the militarization of police by prohibiting law enforcement from obtaining or using specified equipment, including grenades, weaponized aircraft and high-caliber firearms. Northam amended the house bill to clarify that law enforcement agencies can seek a waiver to use restricted equipment for search-and-rescue missions.
“Too many families, in Virginia and across our nation, live in fear of being hurt or killed by police,” Northam said in a statement. “These new laws represent a tremendous step forward in rebuilding trust between law enforcement and the communities they serve. I am grateful to the legislators and advocates who have worked so hard to make this change happen. Virginia is better, more just, and more equitable with these laws on our books.”
Statewide bans on no-knock warrants are already in effect in Florida and Oregon, while Kentucky and Pennsylvania are considering similar legislation, according to USA Today.
The state law in Virginia was signed the same day Taylor’s mother, Tamika Palmer, requested in an application to Kentucky’s Prosecutors Advisory Council that a new prosecutor consider charges against the Louisville police officers involved in the raid that killed her daughter.
Taylor was killed when three officers executed an apparent no-knock search warrant during a narcotics investigation, but prosecutors have said the officers announced themselves before entering the apartment in March. No drugs were found.
Two anonymous jurors allege Kentucky Attorney General Daniel Cameron did not supply them with all of the evidence they asked for and, therefore, did not give them the option to pursue homicide charges in connection to Taylor’s death. The jurors, in an exclusive interview that aired on “CBS This Morning” Thursday, also accused the police of “covering up” their mistakes.
Cameron has said his office did not recommend murder charges against Sgt. Jonathan Mattingly and Officer Myles Cosgrove to the grand jury because they were justified in using force since Taylor’s boyfriend, Kenneth Walker, fired at them first and struck Mattingly in the leg.
FBI ballistics determined Cosgrove likely fired the shot that killed Taylor in the hallway.
The attorney general, who took over the case in mid-May, said the charges his office could prove beyond a reasonable doubt were the three counts of wanton endangerment against Detective Brett Hankison, who was fired from the Louisville Metro Police Department in June. The charges were related to shots fired into a neighboring apartment while three residents were home, not Taylor’s death.
Other reforms enacted in Virginia Wednesday include mandating that law enforcement agencies and jails request the prior employment and disciplinary history of new hires, as well as expanding and diversifying the Criminal Justice Services Board to ensure the “perspectives of social justice leaders, people of color, and mental health providers are represented in the state’s criminal justice policymaking.”
The board will also be allowed to initiate proceedings to decertify law enforcement officers.
The reforms make it a Class 6 felony for law enforcement officers “to ‘carnally know’ someone they have arrested or detained, an inmate, parolee, probationer, pretrial defendant, or post trial offender, if the officer is in a position of authority over such individual.”
Law enforcement officers will be required by law to intervene when they witness another officer engaging or attempting to engage in the use of excessive force. Another reform limits the circumstances where officers will be allowed to use neck restraints.